Upcoming Events

International | Arts and Media

no events match your query!

New Events

International

no events posted in last week

Blog Feeds

The Saker
A bird's eye view of the vineyard

offsite link Saker message to the community: we need your help. Fri Sep 17, 2021 17:26 | The Saker
Dear friends I wish we lived in a perfect world, populated by perfect people, and nobody would ever have to worry about or, even less so, ask for financial help

offsite link (Neo)Liberalism and its Discontents Fri Sep 17, 2021 16:24 | amarynth
by Francis Lee for the Saker Blog FROM CLASSICAL LIBERALISM TO NEO-LIBERALISM The contemporary neo-liberal coalition consisting politically of a centre-left, centre, and centre-right ? what we might call the

offsite link Iran?s Raisi gave Resistance ?presidential? treatment at swear-in: Hezbollah?s No. 2 Fri Sep 17, 2021 15:06 | amarynth
Original link: http://middleeastobse... Description: In an interview with Lebanese media in last month, Hezbollah?s Deputy-Secretary General Sheikh Naim Qassem explained why the swearing-in ceremony of Iran?s new president Ibrahim Raisi was

offsite link Moveable Feast Cafe 2021/09/16 ? Open Thread Fri Sep 17, 2021 00:00 | herb
2021/09/16 23:00:01Welcome to the ‘Moveable Feast Cafe’. The ‘Moveable Feast’ is an open thread where readers can post wide ranging observations, articles, rants, off topic and have animate discussions of

offsite link SITREP: political prisoners in the UK Thu Sep 16, 2021 17:48 | The Saker
Dear friends, today I am posting an email (with permission) describing the situation of another political prisoner in the UK, not Assange and not the, apparently held incommunicado, Skripal father

The Saker >>

Public Inquiry
Interested in maladministration. Estd. 2005

offsite link Minister Catherine Martin: Not fit to serve

offsite link Establishment media and delusional analysis Anthony

offsite link Youth power – Don’t ask – Take Anthony

offsite link When the establishment betrays the people?s trust Anthony

offsite link The day Eoghan Harris went bad Anthony

Public Inquiry >>

Human Rights in Ireland
A Blog About Human Rights

offsite link 5 Year Anniversary Of Kem Ley?s Death Sun Jul 11, 2021 12:34 | Human Rights

offsite link Poor Living Conditions for Migrants in Southern Italy Mon Jan 18, 2021 10:14 | Human Rights

offsite link Right to Water Mon Aug 03, 2020 19:13 | Human Rights

offsite link Human Rights Fri Mar 20, 2020 16:33 | Human Rights

offsite link Turkish President Calls On Greece To Comply With Human Rights on Syrian Refugee Issues Wed Mar 04, 2020 17:58 | Human Rights

Human Rights in Ireland >>

Lockdown Skeptics

The Daily Sceptic

offsite link After Vaccine Passports Were ?Scrapped?, Government Refuses To Rule Out Passes for Pubs Thu Sep 16, 2021 15:32 | Michael Curzon
The Health Secretary has confirmed that vaccine passports could be introduced for pubs later this year if "something happens", but remains coy about what exactly "something" means.
The post After Vaccine Passports Were ?Scrapped?, Government Refuses To Rule Out Passes for Pubs appeared first on The Daily Sceptic.

offsite link The Ethical Bankruptcy of Vaccinating 12-15 Year-Olds Thu Sep 16, 2021 13:53 | Toby Young
We're publishing an original piece on the Daily Sceptic today by a senior pharmaceutical company executive setting out the ethical case against vaccinating healthy 12-15 year-olds.
The post The Ethical Bankruptcy of Vaccinating 12-15 Year-Olds appeared first on The Daily Sceptic.

offsite link Headteachers Told To Call Police if People Protest Against Vaccination of Healthy Teenagers Outside ... Thu Sep 16, 2021 12:05 | Michael Curzon
Headteachers have been told to call the police if parents concerned about the vaccination of their healthy teenager children against Covid ('anti-vaxxers', as the media puts it) protest outside school gates.
The post Headteachers Told To Call Police if People Protest Against Vaccination of Healthy Teenagers Outside School Gates appeared first on The Daily Sceptic.

offsite link News Round-Up Wed Sep 15, 2021 23:59 | Michael Curzon
A summary of all the most interesting stories that have appeared about politicians? efforts to control the virus ? and other acts of hubris and folly ? not just in Britain, but around the world.
The post News Round-Up appeared first on The Daily Sceptic.

offsite link Pfizer Set to Seek Approval for Its Covid Vaccine in U.S. Babies This Winter Wed Sep 15, 2021 19:30 | Michael Curzon
Pfizer is planning to seek approval for its Covid vaccine in babies as young as six months in the U.S. this winter and is also set to seek approval for its jab in 5-11 year olds in America and across Europe.
The post Pfizer Set to Seek Approval for Its Covid Vaccine in U.S. Babies This Winter appeared first on The Daily Sceptic.

Lockdown Skeptics >>

Your Honor: Justice in a Time of Collapse

category international | arts and media | opinion/analysis author Tuesday April 27, 2021 20:15author by Caoimhghin Ó Croidheáin - artist Report this post to the editors

Your Honor is an American mini-series starring Bryan Cranston.

*This article contains spoilers*
A well-meaning New Orleans judge, Michael Desiato, finds himself in a frightening situation when he discovers that his son, Adam, was in a hit and run accident with a son of the local mafia boss, Jimmy Baxter. Adam had been visiting the site of his mother’s death when approached by local guys. He drives off at speed only to drop his inhaler on the car floor during an asthma attack. As he struggles to drive the car and pick up the inhaler at the same time his car is in a collision with Jimmy Baxter’s son’s first spin on his motorbike. Rocco Baxter, the son, chokes to death on his own blood at the side of the road as Adam panics and drives off. When Michael realises who the dead boy was he tries to protect his son by arranging with Adam to cover up what happened.

He asks a friend to organise the destruction of Adam’s car but it ends up in the hands of a teen, Kofi Jones, who is caught with the car after running a red light. The police discover that this was the car involved in the hit and run when a piece of the motorbike is dislodged from underneath the car. Jimmy Baxter now believes it was Kofi who killed his son in a crime gang hit. Kofi is sentenced without parole for the hit and run. Things escalate when Jimmy’s other son kills Kofi in prison and Jimmy has Kofi’s family house blown up, basically getting his retaliation in first. For Judge Michael Desiato, things go from bad to worse as the more he uses his middle-class power and influence to protect his son, the greater the negative effect this has on the working-class family and friends of Kofi, extending out like ripples in a pond. Or worse still, more like the Butterfly Effect, as the initial freak accident sparks off intergang rivalry and then further knock-on wider repercussions on a political level.

Your Honor, starring Bryan Cranston, combines elements from Breaking Bad (well-meaning professional gone bad) and The Sopranos (ruthless mafia boss) in a show which goes beyond middle-class fascination with organised crime and its ill-gotten wealth and demonstrates the disastrous effects that chess-like power-plays have on the ordinary people caught up in the resulting tsunami of deadly consequences. While the powerfully corrupt seek revenge outside the system, and powerful professionals try to avoid justice within the system, the working class can only hope for ‘saviours’ (e.g. empathetic lawyers) or fair-minded judges conscious of the social context of much crime (like Judge Michael Desiato). Like a Greek tragedy, the more Judge Michael Desiato tries to avoid Fate, the more he brings about the show’s ironic deadly ending. Had he just trusted the institutional justice system in the first place, the final outcome would most likely not have been so tragic.

The fact is that the struggle against the ideology of revenge (i.e. ‘an eye for an eye’) is one that has been going on since the Enlightenment, the intellectual and philosophical movement of the 17th and 18th centuries. The insidious effect of revenge on the judicial system, unpredictable and outside of the law, was a motivating force for philosophers like Cesare Beccaria (1738–1794) to try and establish a fairer system not based on fear or favour. Thus:

“Enlightened reformers moved away from corporal punishment, seeking to design a penal system that would make punishment more useful, edifying the prisoner while simultaneously repairing the damage the prisoner had inflicted upon society. Central to these plans were work and imprisonment. Work was a common corrective technique, and many reformers believed the regularity and discipline of labor would lead to the moral rejuvenation of the wrongdoer while serving social needs at the same time.”

Thus, the two main modern theories of retributive justice (or punishment for wrongdoing) are Utilitarian theories that “look forward to the future consequences of punishment, while retributive theories look back to particular acts of wrongdoing, and attempt to balance them with deserved punishment.”

At the very least Enlightened views on justice try to reform the criminal, stop him from repeating the crime, while at the same time, deterring others. The main purpose of punishment, then, is to create a better society and avoid revenge.

Leon F Seltzer summarises the important differences between justice and revenge:

“1. Revenge is predominantly emotional; justice primarily rational.
2. Revenge is, by nature, personal; justice is impersonal, impartial, and both a social and legal phenomenon.
3. Revenge is an act of vindictiveness; justice, of vindication.
4. Revenge is about cycles; justice is about closure.
5. Revenge is about retaliation; justice is about restoring balance.”

The cycles that Seltzer discusses can be seen, for example, in the Gjakmarrja (English: “blood-taking”, i.e. “blood feud”) or hakmarrja(“revenge”) of Albanian culture referring to the social obligation to commit murder in order to salvage honour. Gjakmarrja can be initiated when a guest is killed, failure to pay a debt, or rape. The profound consequences of the gjakmarrja on society is shown when the feud extends over many generations or leads to family members living in shame and seclusion for the rest of their lives, imprisoned in their own homes because they refuse to pay with the lives of their family members.

The overwhelming psychological power of revenge in Your Honor is demonstrated by the fact that the narrative centres around a judge, an important representative of the modern justice system. It shows why it is so important to gain general acceptance of a system of punishment that deters others from committing crimes while at the same time preventing criminals from repeating their crimes. In this way justice acts like a controlling carbon rod in the potential fission of escalating cycles of revenge.
We live in a time when disillusionment with the justice system (short sentences, crimes committed on bail, clever lawyers getting offenders off, etc.) is amplified in the popular press, making the justice system appear to be a lot more ineffectual than it actually is. However, Your Honor, with its relentlessly depressing atmosphere and its narrative of desperate actions and reactions gives us some inkling of what societies would be like if that was the norm rather than the exception, and when your honor is more important and sacred than life itself.

Caoimhghin Ó Croidheáin is an Irish artist, lecturer and writer. His artwork consists of paintings based on contemporary geopolitical themes as well as Irish history and cityscapes of Dublin. His blog of critical writing based on cinema, art and politics along with research on a database of Realist and Social Realist art from around the world can be viewed country by country here. He is a Research Associate of the Centre for Research on Globalization.

Related Link: https://www.globalresearch.ca/your-honor-justice-time-collapse/5743675
© 2001-2021 Independent Media Centre Ireland. Unless otherwise stated by the author, all content is free for non-commercial reuse, reprint, and rebroadcast, on the net and elsewhere. Opinions are those of the contributors and are not necessarily endorsed by Independent Media Centre Ireland. Disclaimer | Privacy